The new Minister of Justice, José Eduardo Cardozo, is an attorney and was twice elected Federal Representative from the State of São Paulo. He was named as one of the 100 most influential members of Congress by the Inter-Union Parliamentary Assistance Department (DIAP). Once a professor of Administrative Law at São Paulo’s Pontifical Catholic University (PUC), in the House of Representatives he has been an active member of the Committee on Constitution, Justice and Citizenship and the Committee on External Relations. Mr. Cardozo’s first political activity was in the Academic Center at the PUC’s School of Law, when he was a student there. At the age of 28, he was appointed Chief of Staff to the Mayor of São Paulo (1989-1992), during the Workers’ Party’s (PT) first term in the city government, with Mayor Luiza Erundina. He was later the chief of staff of the former Federal Administration Department, of the Presidency of the Republic (1993). As a native of the city of São Paulo, he has a master’s degree in law and worked as a public attorney for the municipal government. He was elected to three terms on the São Paulo City Council, which he presided for two years, when he played a leading role in investigations by the Parliamentary Inquiry into the “Public Auditors’ Mafia” (Mafia dos Fiscais). During his first term in Congress, he chaired the Special Committee on the Reform of the Judiciary (CERRPJ), where he championed a strong, expedite and democratic court system. He led various debates on access to justice, the law governing judges and other subjects. On controversial issues, he took stances against adoption of the binding precedent for Supreme Court rulings, in favor of rulings to block appeals and in favor of external controls over the courts. He wrote the book Da Retroatividade da Lei (Retroactivity in Law), published by the Editora Revista dos Tribunais, based on his 1993 Masters’ thesis, approved with maximum distinction and honors. He also wrote the book A Máfia das Propinas - Investigando a corrupção em São Paulo (The Graft Mafia – Investigating Corruption in São Paulo), published by the Perseu Abramo Foundation’s publishing house, in which he tells the inside story of the parliamentary inquiry he chaired in 1999.