Embrapa Genetic Resources and Biotechnology, one of 47 units of the Brazilian Company of Agronomy and Livestock Research (Embrapa), received on February 29 the visit of Ethiopia’s Ambassador in Brazil, Wuletaw Hailemariam, and the Director-General of the Ethiopian Institute of Agricultural Research, Solomon Assefa, accompanied by an entourage of diplomatic representatives and researchers. The goal is to strengthen the cooperation with Embrapa, focusing on technology transfer that could modernize and increase agricultural productivity in that country. Agriculture is the main engine of the Ethiopian economy and accounts for approximately 90% of GDP. More than 80% of the country’s population, which today is more than 80 million people (second largest in Africa), survive from agriculture. But, according to Assefa, practically all these farmers produce in small properties of approximately one hectare each. In addition, the agricultural techniques are archaic and, therefore, the production is largely limited to subsistence. "We don’t want to reinvent the wheel, for we don’t have time for this. We need quick and practical solutions to improve the situation of underdevelopment and hunger, as is the situation of the majority of the population today," says the Director-General of the Institute, bearing in mind that the strengthening of cooperation with Embrapa is the way to make the technologies arrive at Ethiopian plantations. According to him, there has been already cooperation between Embrapa and the Ethiopian Institute of Agricultural Research, but it needed to be incremented. As from this visit to Brazil, Assefa aims at defining practical issues relating to the adaptation of Embrapa’s technology for Ethiopia, especially for crops of soybeans, wheat, beans, fruits and vegetables, as well as practices in the development of livestock.